Kangaroo conservation and management
Kangaroo numbers have increased substantially since European settlement, with some populations now overabundant. Many kangaroos have benefitted from increased access to water, grazing land and the removal of their main predator, the dingo. High abundance of kangaroos are causing adverse impacts on South Australia’s ecosystems, human activities, public safety due to increased traffic accidents and on the welfare of individual animals, in particular during times with dry weather conditions.
In some circumstances, kangaroos may need to be managed to protect biodiversity, people and property. Implementing kangaroo management may protect the welfare of kangaroos themselves, as kangaroos may starve due to a lack of food during times of dry weather conditions, or may be injured in car collisions when travelling to find food or water.
All common kangaroo species are protected, and their management provided for, by the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972 and associated regulations. The department encourages the use of non-lethal methods, such as using fencing and limiting access to water, to manage kangaroo impacts. However, kangaroos may also be managed commercially through the kangaroo industry by permitted kangaroo field processors, and non-commercially through Permits to Destroy Wildlife applied for by landholders. Animal welfare is very important to the Department, both commercial and non-commercial shooters must adhere to their respective code of practice when destroying kangaroos.
South Australian Commercial Kangaroo Management Plan 2020-2024
To guide the ecologically sustainable management of commercially harvested kangaroos in South Australia, the department developed the South Australian Commercial Kangaroo Management Plan 2020 - 2024 in consultation with conservation and animal welfare groups, land managers, regulatory and peak bodies, the kangaroo industry and the community. A feedback report detailing how the consultation shaped the plan was also developed. The implementation of this management plan is overseen by the Kangaroo Management Reference Group.
State-wide Commercial Kangaroo Harvest
As of 1 January 2020, the commercial kangaroo harvest area covers the entire state, excluding metropolitan Adelaide and the Alinytjara Wilurara region for cultural reasons.
The following common and impact-causing kangaroo species are available for harvest (as of 1 January 2020):
- Red kangaroo (Macropus rufus)
- Western grey kangaroo (M. fuliginosus), which includes the mainland subspecies (M. fuliginosus melanops) and the Kangaroo Island subspecies (M. fuliginosus fuliginosus)
- Eastern grey kangaroo (M. giganteus)
- Euro (M. robustus)
- Tammar wallaby (M. eugenii), excluding mainland populations.
How can I get involved?
If you’re interested in finding a Kangaroo Field Processor to assist with kangaroo management on your property, check out the factsheet for landholders.
Still can’t find what you’re looking for? Contact your local DEW Regional Office for more information.
- South Australian Commercial Kangaroo Management Plan 2020-2024
- Feedback report for South Australian Commercial Kangaroo Management Plan 2020-2024
- National Parks and Wildlife (Kangaroo Harvesting) Regulations 2018
- National Parks and Wildlife (Wildlife) Regulations 2019
- Kangaroo Field Processor Factsheet
- Management of kangaroo sealed tags
- Landholder Factsheet
- Apply for a kangaroo harvesting permit.