The three nations connected to Para Wirra are the Peramangk, Ngadjuri and Kaurna nations. Tapering gradually to meet the Barossa Valley and the mallee plains, the rugged Mount Lofty Ranges and South Para River form a natural meeting place for the Kaurna people across the Adelaide plains; the Peramangk people to the east; and the Ngadjuri people to the north.
Translated from the Kaurna language, ‘Para’ (really Pari) means river, creek or gully. ‘Wirra’ means forest. So Para Wirra is the forest where a waterway (river or creek) flows. Today, Para Wirra Conservation Park is an important area for all three nations, and National Parks are working with them to develop and promote cultural interpretation of the park.
Aboriginal peoples have occupied, enjoyed and managed the lands and waters of this State for thousands of generations. For Aboriginal first nations, creation ancestors laid down the laws of the Country and bestowed a range of customary rights and obligations to the many Aboriginal Nations across our state.
There are many places across the State that have great spiritual significance to Aboriginal first nations. At some of these places Aboriginal cultural protocols, such as restricted access, are promoted and visitors are asked to respect the wishes of Traditional Owners.
In places where protocols are not promoted visitors are asked to show respect by not touching or removing anything, and make sure you take all your rubbish with you when you leave.
Aboriginal peoples continue to play an active role in caring for their Country, including in parks across South Australia.