Get to know South Australia’s most commonly-sighted wombat species – which can run almost as fast as Usain Bolt.
Been out bushwalking and heard a rustle in the scrub? Maybe it was one of these guys. Wombats are full of surprises and mystery – find out more about these fascinating marsupials with these 10 fun facts.
1. These furry marsupials sure are stocky, but don’t let that fool you, they can run at speeds up to 40 kilometres per hour which is just under retired sprinter Usain Bolt’s fastest recorded speed.
2. The southern hairy-nosed wombat is the state fauna emblem of South Australia. They are found in the south-east of Western Australia and in southern South Australia.
3. You’ll never mistake a wombat poo for any other animal’s, because wombats are famous for doing cubed-shaped poo – pumping out around 100 of these a day. Long story short, it’s all to do with their very slow digestive process.
4. As a marsupial, the southern hairy-nosed wombat has a backwards facing pouch where the young develop. The direction of the pouch means the joey is protected from dirt if the mother is digging. How convenient is that!
5. Wombats have a strong, stocky build with short legs and large front feet. Their feet have flattened claws and five digits. The second and third toes of their hind feet are fused and have a double claw used for grooming.
6. Wombats usually give birth to a single joey, which is blind and hairless and weighs about 2 grams. It crawls into its mother’s pouch and attaches to one of its mum’s two teats, which will swell around the joey’s mouth, fixing it to the teat so it doesn’t fall out of the pouch. The joey stays in the pouch for 8 to 9 months. After emerging it will still suckle but also start eating solid food, and will stay with its mother for another year or more.
7. A group of wombats is called a ‘wisdom of wombats’ a ‘mob of wombats’ or a ‘colony of wombats’. The name wombat comes from the Darug language, spoken by the Traditional Owners of Sydney.
8. Wombats closest relatives are koalas – if you check out their noses you’ll see they are pretty similar. Unlike koalas though, which sit upright, wombats are horizontal and their mammalian spine is designed to be supported at the shoulders and hips by their legs. Because of their horizontal structure, they have far less spinal issues than koalas and humans.
9. Believe it or not, wombats can jump! Some have been known to jump over metre-high fences.
10. Fatso the Wombat, who starred in television series ‘A Country Practice’, was played by three different wombats named ‘Fatso’, ‘George’ and ‘Garth’.
World Wombat Day
The 22nd of October is World Wombat Day, a chance to celebrate the birth of these surly Aussie legends.
Why not follow a Wombat Day ritual and make a wombat cake, wombat fudge or wombat brownies? Or get up close and personal with Fred the wombat at Cleland Wildlife Park?
Learn more about South Australia’s furry creatures by reading our blogs on how to identify animal poo and what to do if you see koala nearby this spring.
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