Take in the wonder of wetlands with a trip to these special spots on the banks of South Australia’s River Murray.
Held annually on 2 February, World Wetlands Day is a great time to explore these unique environments and learn about the work underway to keep them healthy.
This year’s theme shines a spotlight on wetlands as a source of freshwater and encourages actions to restore them and stop their loss.
2021 also marks 50 years of the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (the Ramsar Convention) which was signed in Ramsar, Iran on 2 February 1971.The Ramsar Convention aims to halt and, where possible, reverse the loss of wetlands around the world.
Want to understand what makes them so special? Here’s everything you need to know about wetlands – and where to explore them in South Australia.
What are wetlands?
There are many definitions but to put it simply, wetlands are areas of land covered by water either year-round or just at certain times, such as a swamp, lagoon or marsh.
Wetlands can be natural or artificially created, or even underground.
There are particular wetlands known as Ramsar wetlands, which are considered to be of international importance because they are rare or unique, or important for conserving biological diversity.
Wetlands to visit along the River Murray
There are some stunning wetlands along the River Murray with plenty to see, do and discover. Here are our top picks:
- If you’re in the Murray Bridge area, it’s well worth a visit to the Riverglades and Swanport reserves. There’s plenty to see for wildlife lovers, and the trails and boardwalks make it easy to get around.
- Check out Paiwalla, a former dairy farm that is now a vital site for the protection of many species of birds and other animals.
- Camping fans can head to Hogwash Bend at Cadell, or Overland Corner near Barmera, where there’s lots to see if you’re into birdwatching. Environmental watering has been taking place in both areas to provide habitat for native animals and prevent degradation.
- Keen on canoeing? Katarapko Floodplain in Murray River National Park near Berri is the place to go. It covers more than 9000 hectares, where you can also camp, check out the lagoons and swamps on a walk, and discover the varied wildlife in the area.
How you can take part this World Wetlands Day
This year an opportunity exists for South Australia’s River Murray community to take part in World Wetlands Day – in person and online.
A Project Coorong Science Forum is being held at the South Lakes Golf Club in Goolwa and will also be live streamed via the internet.
A range of great speakers are lined up to talk about the science of the Coorong, Lower Lakes and surrounding wetlands touching on important issues such as First Nations’ knowledge, Coorong water quality, aquatic plants and animals, Lower Lakes ecology and climate change.
If you’re keen to listen in you can register for the live stream via the website.
Fast facts about Ramsar sites
- The Ramsar Convention aims to halt the worldwide loss of wetlands and to conserve, through wise use and management, those that remain.
- Australia's 66 Ramsar sites cover more than 8.3 million hectares, forming an impressive estate of diverse wetland types, including freshwater, marine, permanent and short-term, in every climatic zone.
- There are 2400 Ramsar Sites worldwide.
- They cover 2.5 million square kilometres, an area larger than Mexico.
- Australia was one of the first countries to become a Contracting Party to the Convention and designated the world's first Ramsar site, Cobourg Peninsula, in 1974.
- The Coorong and Lakes Alexandrina and Albert wetland was listed under the Ramsar Convention in 1985.
- The Convention encourages member countries to nominate sites containing representative, rare or unique wetlands, or those important for conserving biological diversity, to the List of Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar sites).
(Main image courtesy of Bill Doyle)
This story was originally published in February 2016 and has been updated with some fresh information.