There’s nothing like the sweet tweet of birds in your garden. Here’s how to attract them – without a seed feeder.
Whether you live in the suburbs or the bush, every part of South Australia has its special contingent of local birds.
From common garden visitors like willy wagtails or magpies, to something a bit more unusual like blue wrens or kingfishers, many of us love to see birds in our gardens.
Feeding birds can cause a range of problems, from making them dependent on human handouts to illness caused by poor diets.
So how can we let birds know they are welcome without putting out food? Here are some suggestions:
A good way to attract birds to your garden is by providing a bird bath or even just a large shallow bowl of water, especially in warm weather.
Choose a spot near trees or shrubs with low branches so your birds can make a quick getaway if they feel threatened.
Providing water in bowls of different depths is ideal, but consider putting a large rock in the middle of your deep bird bath as small birds can drown in them.
Remember to change the water regularly and keep the bath clean to avoid the spread of disease. Usually all it needs is a quick scrub with a brush, then a rinse with the hose, but if algae is a problem, try a non-toxic cleaner like white vinegar before scrubbing and follow it with a good rinse.
Just because you aren’t offering commercial birdseed, it doesn’t mean you can’t give your garden birds a feast.
Flowering plants like bottlebrush, grevillea and flowering eucalypts will attract nectar-feeders such as lorikeets and honeyeaters.
Cockatoos love plants with hard seed pods for them to crack, like hakea, drooping sheoak and banksia, while finches and other small seed-eaters will thank you for planting native grasses and allowing the seed heads to develop.
For more information on plants that are native to your local area, contact State Flora or your local native nursery.
Let the leaves lie
A good layer of leaf-litter or mulch will enrich the soil while also providing cover for the insects, small lizards and invertebrates that birds like kookaburras, magpies and fairy wrens love.
Reducing the use of poisons in your garden will benefit not just the birds, but your entire garden ecosystem.
Poisoning insects and spiders not only reduces the food source that some birds need, it can also end up harming the birds if they eat too many poisoned creepy-crawlies. And those poisons don’t just kill the undesirable bugs – they also kill the good ones, like the praying mantises that keep aphids under control.
Keep your pets inside
While cats and dogs are wonderful company for humans, they aren’t so beneficial for native wildlife.
The good news is that keeping dogs under control while they are outside, and ensuring cats are desexed and kept inside whenever possible can reduce the fatality rate.
Many cat owners are now building outdoor enclosures in their gardens, or ‘catios’, that allow their furry friends to bask in the sun while still keeping the local birds and animals safe.
If you like the thought of helping the environment from your own backyard, consider learning how to make a raingarden, taking part in frog or turtle monitoring, or finding out how you can attract bees and why it’s important.
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