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Topics > Ecosystem conservation > Sanctuaries

Benefits of sanctuaries

Endangered species protection

Sanctuaries have been created to protect endangered species. On Kangaroo Island and the Fleurieu Peninsula sanctuaries are protecting sheoak habitat for glossy-black cockatoos. Other sanctuaries have been established to protect pygmy bluetongue lizards living in native grasslands in the northern agricultural districts.

Production and biodiversity conservation

There are many sanctuaries that combine other land uses with biodiversity conservation. Sanctuary landowners are involved in:

  • farming, grazing and horticultural enterprises
  • production and distribution of electricity
  • organic horticulture and wine production.


A number of sanctuaries are involved in ecotourism offering:

  • bed and breakfast accommodation
  • guided tours and nature walks
  • opportunities for tourists to come in contact with Australia's unique wildlife.

Public education and use

Sanctuaries may also be established on public land. These sanctuaries often combine biodiversity conservation with recreational use by the public. Examples include:

  • golf courses
  • lakes used for swimming and boating
  • picnic areas.