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South Australia's connections to international conservation conventions are primarily through partnerships with the commonwealth and other state/territory governments. They are reflected in state legislation, strategies, policies and programs.

The primary nature conservation legislation in South Australia is through the legislation following.

National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972 for protection of representative areas of the state's diverse range of:

  • ecosystems
  • ecological communities
  • habitats
  • species and their populations.

Native Vegetation Act 1991 for:

  • the protection of native vegetation, both for its own sake and as habitat of listed threatened species
  • to regulate clearance of native vegetation.

Landscape South Australia Act 2019 for, among other things:

  • the protection of biodiversity and the resources our plants and wildlife depend on
  • the control of some of the things that threaten them.

Fisheries Management Act 2007 for, among other things, the:

  • conservation and management of the aquatic resources of the state
  • protection of aquatic habitats, aquatic mammals and aquatic resources
  • control of exotic aquatic organisms and disease in aquatic resources.