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At the international level, nature conservation is primarily guided by the policy work of various commissions under the auspices of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (otherwise known as the IUCN; see

These commissions include:

From a species conservation perspective, these commissions have developed some significant international conservation conventions, such as the:

Each of these commissions and conventions informs, and is informed by, nature conservation policy, legislation and strategy frameworks at both the national and state/territory level in Australia.